Water Supply Systems and Evaluation Methods

Water Supply Systems and Evaluation Methods


1:  Evaluating Municipal Water Distribution Systems
primary Considerations
Functional Components of a Water Utility System
Tracing the COmponents of an urban water distribution system
Specific Consideration
Evaluating Distribution Systems Appurtenances

2:   Fundamental Concepts of Hydraulics Applied to Municipal Water Supply Systems
Operational Definitions
Datum Line
Equal Volumes
Unformly Distributed Pressure
Pressure as A Ratio
Specific Gravity
Determining Height from a Known Pressure
A Summary and Expansion of First Principles of Water Pressure
Kinetic Energy
Velocity Flow of Water from a Gravity Tank
Equation of Continuity
The Bernoulli Theorem
Normal Pressure
Velocity Pressure

3:   Evaluating Existing Water Supplies for Fire Protection Delivery Capability
Determining Existing Community Water Supply Adequacy and Reliability
Flow Test Objectives
Basic Hydraulic Concepts
Measuring Water Flow From Smooth-Bore Orifices
Conducting Fire-Flow Tests
Cautions to be Observed When Field Testing
Examples of Available Fire-Flow Determinations

4:   Evaluating Municipal Water System Storage
Functions of Distribution Storage
Elevated and Ground-Level Storage
Pumping for Distribution Storage
Evaluation of Water Municipal Storage

5:   A Comprehensive Method for Evaluating Municipal Water Supply Delivery Systems
Part of the City/Community Unprotected
Maximum Daily Consumption Rate
Needed Fire Flow and Fire Flow Duration
Review of the Water Supply
Water System Supply Component
Minimum Storage
Municipal Stationary Pumps
Supply Works Capacity
Administrative Perspective on Water Supplies
Evaluating Water Main Capacity
Evaluation Water Hydrant Distribution
Evaluation Fire Hydrant Distribution
Credit for the Supply System
Fire Hydrant Size, Type and Installation
Inspection and Condition of Fire Hydrants

6:  Evaluating the Quality of Municipal Water Supply Systems
Requirement Affecting Distribution System Operations
Public Health Considerations
Water Quality Monitoring
Distribution Systems Water Quality Problems
Water Quality Safeguards

7:  Impacts of Fire Flow on Distribution System Water Quality, Design, and Operation
The Impact On Water Quality by Designing Water Distribution Systems to Meet Fire-Flow Requirements
Review of National and International Criteria and Providing Fire Flows
The Identification of Alternative Methods and Technologies for Structural Fire Suppression

8:  Monitoring Water Supply Consumption and Security Analysis
Water Supply Graphing of Water Flow in Distribution Systems
Water Supply Graphing of Water Source Supplies
Security Analysis of Municipal Water Systems
Response Planning for Public Drinking Water Systems to Maintain Water Quality

9:  Water Supply Distribution System Computer Modeling
Fundamental Historical Development of Water System Distribution System Modeling
Distribution System Modeling Applications
Hydraulic Models
Distribution System Modeling Within the Utility

10:  Establishing a Community Program to Document Effective Community Water Supplies for Fire Protection
Comparison To be Made of the Physical Features of the water System
Evaluate Optional Methods and Programs to Meet the Community’s Current and Future Water Supply Demands

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